The Choice to Be Kind or Cruel

(approximate reading time 10-15mins)

Wow, how fast time flies!  I have wanted to blog about “choice” for the past 6 months, but for various reasons, have not.

It seems I haven’t been able to “keep-up” with the demands of life this year.  And at various points and times throughout the year, it seems I have forgotten that I can choose.

So, today, I choose to sit and finally write this dang’ blog!

Where to start, though?  This concept of choice (“…all is choice, and all choices are valid…we are here to learn how to choose and to choose how to learn”), that is the essence of the Michael Teachings, is vast and can be approached from infinite angles that might be useful.

Obviously, this will be an ongoing exploration and discussion, but I must start somewhere.

I have decided to start with an area of choice that has been very personal to me this year and very critical to my healing and evolutionary journey in general: the choice to be kind and loving to myself and my life or to be cruel.

As I said about this year so far, I have felt like I’ve not been able to keep up with the demands of life. This is not the whole truth.  Actually, I have been doing pretty well with the demands of life.  What has been much harder to keep up with are my ideals and desires for improvement and expansion.  In many ways this year, they have had to take a back-seat so that I could just “take care of business” and “do what needed to be done.”

I know all of it is life, but still, this year it seems “life got in the way.”

The perfect example is the writing of this blog.  My ideal was to have it written back in February, but it is now August.

This is but one example of many that I could give this year.  And all along the way, over and over again, I have had to make a choice about how I would relate to myself and my life while not meeting my own expectations and ideals.

I could choose to be cruel to myself in my interpretations:

img031

 

“See, you just aren’t good enough to keep up.”

“You should just give up.”

“What is wrong with you?”

“Life sucks and is unfair!”

“Why can’t you seem to get it together?

 

 

Now, I’d be lying if I said that I never had any of these thoughts, but they are not the ones I choose to focus on and amplify.

I choose to focus on the kind and loving thoughts that I know are the truth about me and my life. These thoughts are coming from my unconditionally loving and wise soul:

img028“You are doing just fine.”

“There is nothing wrong with not being able to ‘keep-up’ sometimes.”

“You don’t have to give up, and that is not what you are doing.  You are adapting and learning to be flexible, rather than rigid in the pursuit of your goals.”

“There is absolutely nothing wrong with you.  Life can be challenging at times and messy.”

“You have actually been doing quite well with balancing all of the areas of life that are important to you, and you have become aware of what needs to change so that you can find a better balance.”

“Bravo!  You are LIVING!”

Ah, the kind and loving thoughts feel so much better and encouraging!  And they are not flattery or “going too easy on myself.”  They are truth, and truth is loving.  How do I know?  Because these thoughts give me relief and allow me to be present and centered with what is in my life at this time. There is no resistance, just a simple acknowledgment of what is, and the truth that what is, is OK.

I feel safe and in partnership with my life.

From this place of kindness, I can continue forward making any changes in my life that I wish to make.  I can continue to grow, change, expand, be flexible, meet challenges, gain insight, be more fulfilled-the whole nine yards.

So, what about you?

Have you been cruel or kind to yourself this year?

If you have been cruel, has it helped?  Have you felt relief, felt lighter, felt more encouraged?  Have you enjoyed life more?  Has it served you?

And if you have been kind to yourself, has that helped?  If so, how?

I can honestly say that the choice to be kind to myself has not always felt like it got me closer to completing my goals any faster, but it has certainly helped me to enjoy myself and life more, no matter where I am with my completion of goals.

I have asked Michael to comment on the choice to be kind or cruel to one’s self based on how one assesses their level of fulfillment of expectations and ideals:

Yes, we understand.  First we will say that it is absolutely your choice whether or not to be cruel or kind to yourself in your interpretations, in your assessments of where you are in relation to the fulfillment of your goals and ideals.  

Some are quite “happy” choosing cruelty over kindness as they relate to themselves.

 We do not want you to think that you must choose kindness or that there is a “right” and a “wrong” way to choose.  If all choices were not valid choices from which to evolve yourselves, then it would not be true that all choices are indeed valid, and this would make our teaching invalid at its foundation.

You are free to choose cruelty in your assessments or kindness.  We have no investment in you choosing one way or the other, as we know you will all learn to choose in a way that allows you to experience more truth, love and energy in your lives.  This is guaranteed.  There is no other game to be played.  You will evolve.

And you will evolve at your own pace, whether that be at a slower or faster pace.

Life is not a race, and you are free to go at your own pace…which is what you are doing anyway.

However, if you are wanting to accelerate your growth and evolution, then being kind to yourself is indeed the fast track.  Any other way of relating to yourself would be distraction from the purpose of life.

The purpose of life is to experience it fully, to learn and to evolve.

When you are cruel to yourself, you delay your learning and you end up only partially experiencing your life; for you are meant to experience ALL of life and not only one part.

We know our time is limited in this format, as our channel does not wish for this blog to be too long.

So we will close with saying that the choice to be cruel or kind to yourself, no matter where you are in life, is significant if you care about experiencing life to the fullest, learning and evolving at a steady pace and actually feeling pleasure throughout your bodies as you go along.  

Otherwise, it is one choice among many, and will not make or break your evolution in the long-run.

It is your choice how you will learn.

~Michael Entity

And what do you think about all this?  About my thoughts and about Michael’s?

Michael Profile: Personality Dynamics (Part IV)

(approximate reading time 10-15mins)

14. Chief Negative Features (obstacles)

The concept of “chief negative features” refers to habitual ways we learn to protect ourselves and defend ourselves from experiencing that which we fear.

We learn these fear-based, self-protective habits during childhood and “lock-onto” one or two ways of protecting ourselves by the time we reach young adulthood.

Fear is very natural and useful!  This instinctive mechanism is used to help keep the body and personality from harm’s way.  However, by the time we reach young adulthood, most of us are using these chief feature mechanisms far more than is actually useful.  We learn to use them in anticipation of threatening experiences, rather than in the midst of a truly threatening experience.  We use them due to many more imagined fears than actual, real, in-the-moment threats to our survival.

Also, it is true that we may have needed some of these protective strategies when we were younger and less equipped to handle some of the complex challenges of life.  But as we grow in age and consciousness, we have much more capacity to meet the challenges and complexity of life with creative response instead of reactionary defense.

As we grow and mature, the chief features become more and more of a stumbling block or obstacle to experiencing wholeness an fulfillment.

They block our experience of wholeness and fulfillment by keeping us locked in narrow ways of processing and interpreting the events of our lives.  In Michael-speak, they keep us locked in our NEGATIVE POLES.  

In and of themselves, the negative poles of personality are neither “good” nor “bad”.  They are simply the parts of us that can focus, dissect, narrow-down, make distinctions and focus on more of the concrete reality and details of life.  Our negative poles allow us to deal with the “nitty-gritty” of physical plane reality, but they also emphasize a sense of exclusion and separation.  

The problem is not with the negative poles.  The problem is getting stuck in the negative poles so that we have little access to the bigger picture, which is represented by our POSITIVE POLES. 

The positive poles are the parts of us that are always open to receive new information about experience and continually update our perspective.  These parts of us see the bigger picture and tend to be far more expansive and abstract.  The perspective here is broad and amplifies a sense of inclusion and unity.

The chief features keep us stuck in our negative poles and distort our perception of reality. They block new information and keep us locked in the maya and illusion of our own fragile reality.  Ego is one term for this part of who we are.  Michael more often uses the term FALSE PERSONALITY to describe this state of fearful consciousness.

The compliment to false personality is on the other side of the spectrum: TRUE PERSONALITY.  We experience true personality when we are experiencing life from our positive poles.  And this is also how we are able to experience and “manifest” our essences.  To manifest essence means to experience TRUTH, LOVE and ENERGY, as well as every other inner resource we could ever need in order to navigate life with security, enthusiasm and confidence.

Judging by the above descriptions, it might seem as though we should always aim for being in our positive poles as much as possible!  But Michael teaches that we are not designed to only experience our positive poles.  We are designed to experience a spectrum of experience.  They teach that the positive poles actually INCLUDE the negative poles.  So, when one is balanced in ones being, one has constant access to their higher perspective while they tend to the mundane realities of life.  The WHOLENESS comes from the capacity to be fluid and able to navigate both ends of the spectrum from negative to positive and everything in between.

All this is to say that the chief negative features inhibit our awareness of our essence or higher self. When we are totally entrenched in these fear patterns, we have little access to our essences’ wisdom, insight, love, creativity, encouragement, comfort, healing, inspiration, enthusiasm, forgiveness, clarity, vitality, etc.

For those that seek to be less unconscious/reactive/asleep and more conscious/responsive/awake in life, the only pathway is through becoming aware of, understanding and being able to set-aside the chief negative features.

The chief negative features tell LIES, and to live a more fulfilled life, you have to get beyond them to the TRUTH.

There are 7 chief negative features and they all want to protect us from life experiences that are quite natural:

 

Chief features that seek to protect us from the natural realities of EXISTING/BEING (self-esteem issues)

SELF-DEPRECATION (-self-absement/+humilty) defends against fear of being invisible or not being seen clearly/fear of being seen and judged as inadequate

ARROGANCE (-vanity/+pride) defends against fear of being seen too clearly/fear of being seen and judged as too much

 

Chief features that seek to protect us from the natural realities of DESIRES/HAVING (self-worth issues)

SELF-DESTRUCTION (-suicide/+sacrifice) defends against fear of having too much/fear of not being worth what one has

GREED (-gluttony/+appetite) defends against fear of not having enough/fear of never having enough of what one wants/needs

 

Chief features that seek to protect us from the natural realities of the PHYSICAL PLANE (control issues)

MARTYRDOM (-victimization/selflessness+)  defends against the fear of losing control of space and the environment

IMPATIENCE (-intolerance/+audacity) defends against the fear of losing control of time/fear of wasting time

 

Chief feature that seeks to protect us from the natural realities of CHANGE (fear of the unknown)

STUBBORNNESS (-obstinancy/determination+)  defends against the fear of change, new experiences and the unknown

 

I will use one of my own chief features to help explain how they work.

My primary chief feature is IMPATIENCE.  This protective mechanism seeks to defend against my fear of losing control of TIME.

I could immediately validate this chief feature!  In the past, I could drive myself and everyone else crazy with my impatient explosions.  

Until I did some investigation into the lies of this chief feature, I always had this vague fear of losing control of time, that I had to do everything NOW, or else I would soon run out of time.  The slightest delay or breakdown could send me into an inner rage that I could barely keep from erupting all around me.

And my goal in life is to FLOW and experience PEACE and FREEDOM.  This habit of reacting with impatience to every unexpected delay effectively distorted the reality of peace and freedom that was always available to me.

Impatience would lie and make promises that never came true, making me believe that there was always a clock to race against and that if I would just rush and hurry enough, then I could somehow get it all done and free up my time to experience that peace and freedom for which I longed.  But I could never get it done fast enough, as there would always be something else to do!  

The impatience promised that somehow I could control time.  It was a lie.  

The truth is that I can only control how I choose to relate to the passing of time.  Another truth is that the impatient reactions actually increase the time it takes for me to do things.  Yet another truth is that the impatience feels awful inside my body and makes everyone around me very uncomfortable.

It is very difficult to extinguish a chief feature completely, and when you remove yourself from the grips of one, there is a tendency to take on another!  Still, one can become aware of the chief features and learn to set them aside so that one can respond more consciously to fear.

Though I still experience impatience, I am very much aware of whenever it rears its ugly head, and I am able to breathe through it and set it aside so that I can get back to experiencing my flow, peace and freedom.

I have been able to see the truth that most of the time when I am not able to accomplish a goal as quickly as I would like, my life is not actually in jeopardy, and the only thing keeping me from experiencing the fulfillment of flow, peace and freedom is my own reactions in the moment.

Validation of your chief features is quite an empowering step towards freeing yourself from unconscious and reactionary behavior.  On the other side of this is the growing capacity to consciously co-create a more fulfilling life with essence, a life that is full of love, peace, joy, security, prosperity and every other good thing you can imagine.

***

I hope you have gained some useful insights from this basic breakdown of the information that you will receive in your Michael Profile.  In time, I will go into much more detail about every profile element mentioned in this 4-part series.

Be on the lookout for my next blog on choice, a concept that is the foundation of The Michael Teachings.

 

 

 

 

Michael Profile: Personality Dynamics (Part III)

(approximate reading time 10-15mins )

Essence needs personality-needs YOU.  Personality is the vehicle for essence to experience the physical plane.  It has no access to the wonders of the physical plane without a body and personality.  It needs body/personality’s eyes to see, ears to hear, hands to touch, tongue to taste and nose to smell.  Physical incarnations allow the soul to evolve and remember itself and others.

The personality is an extension of essence.  Truly, they are not separate, but technically, they are different.  Personality does not give rise to the essence.  It is the other way around.

This vehicle of personality consists of a body and a moving center, emotions and an emotional center and thoughts and an intellectual center.  It also comes equipped with an instinctive center that is like the floppy disk on which all of its experiences are recorded from one lifetime to the next.

Each center of moving, emotional and intellectual also has a “higher” counterpart that is managed by essence: the higher moving (energy or beauty), higher emotional (love) and higher intellectual (truth).

Essence designs each personality before each lifetime.  The older the soul, the more adept it becomes at designing personalities so that they will be more likely to embrace their own soul essence and invite the essence to participate and help in the creation of the life.

Another way of looking at these design elements is to see the personality as a mirror image or physical reflection of the soul, reflecting the soul’s intentions and ideals for any given lifetime.

9. Goal
The goal in these teachings represents the original intention behind the lifetime.  It is connected to the ACTION axis and therefore underlies all of our decisions and choices.  Why do we do what we do?  What are we seeking?  What are we aiming for?  What is our motivation?  What are we learning about?  For insights into these questions, we can look to the goal.

The goal also includes our life-task, which is a more specific aspect of the goal.  One would never have a life-task that is in conflict with their goal.

There are 7 fundamental goals or aims available for any given lifetime:

Inspiration Goals
RE-EVALUATION (aiming to focus the life contexts and understand what has come before)
GROWTH (aiming to broaden the life contexts and comprehend more)

Expression Goals
DISCRIMINATION (aiming to refine the life choices and say “no” and mean it)
ACCEPTANCE (aiming to include all life choices and say “yes” and mean it)

Action Goals
SUBMISSION (aiming to focus one’s actions into contexts where they can be received)
DOMINANCE (aiming to broaden one’s actions into contexts of leadership for self and others)

Assimilation Goal
FLOW/RELAXATION (aiming to be “goal-less,” to relax, to flow and experience peace and freedom)

Validating my goal was a big one for me.  Most of my life, due to imprinting, I thought I needed to be a leader in some way, to direct myself and others masterfully (dominance).  It wasn’t until I began to get to know my true personality (my personality as it was designed by essence), that I began to realize that I actually yearned for peace and freedom to simply BE.  The path of dominance was what others may have wanted for me, and what I may have assumed was needed of me.  But it wasn’t what I was truly aiming for.  Trying to be in dominance did not help me to understand my deepest motivations and the patterns of my life.

Being in flow/relaxation did.  I can barely express the relief that grew in me as I came to embrace my actual goal in life.  It helped me understand my deepest longings and choose with more consciousness those paths and directions that could truly bring me fulfillment.

The goal doesn’t necessarily come easy!  I had to learn to relax and flow.  And I am still learning.  But I am far better at it now than before.

Also, everything can be described as a spectrum ranging from negative (emphasizing separation and exclusion) to positive (emphasizing oneness and inclusion).

The negative pole of flow/relaxation is stagnation or inertia, while the positive pole is free-flowing, peace and freedom.

Before I learned to relax and flow, I spent much of my younger years running, running, running, like a hamster in a wheel, trying my best to create fulfillment but getting nowhere.  There was often allot of activity but no real progress.  And I often felt like giving up altogether!  I was spinning my wheels, and it was exhausting.

For me, “giving up” and letting myself possibly be “the failure” was actually what helped me to begin to relax and flow.  As I embraced my goal of flow/relaxation, I began to experience the peace and freedom for which I had always been searching.

The goal represents the type of fulfillment we seek in life.  When we validate it and embrace it, we are able to experience a deep soul fulfillment.  Then, it can feel like our life comes into alignment with a deeper sense of purpose.  We make our decisions and choices from this place of consciousness, and the life begins to unfold in much more pleasurable ways.

10. Mode
Whereas the goal is connected to action and our moving centers, the mode is connected to INSPIRATION and our emotions.  It describes our most basic way of RELATING to our goal, and it describes our primary mode of operation through which we reach our goal.

Through our mode, we relate to the goal, ourselves, others and all of life.

How do we reach our goal?  Again, there are 7 fundamental ways of reaching the goal:

Inspiration Modes
RESERVE (relating through refining the emotions, -inhibition and/or +restraint)
PASSION (relating through freeing the emotions, -identification and/or +self-actualization)

Expression Modes
CAUTION (relating through refining the thoughts, -phobia and/or +deliberation)
POWER (relating through freeing the thoughts, -oppression and/or +authority)

Action Modes
PERSEVERANCE (relating through refining the actions, -monotony and/or +persistence)
AGGRESSION (relating through freeing the actions, -belligerence and/or +dynamic)

Assimilation Mode
OBSERVATION (relating through observing and using most appropriate mode in context, -surveillance and/or +clarity)

I happen to be in observation mode this lifetime, and validating this helped me to understand my natural approach to life.  Though my observation does slide to reserve and passion (the assimilation overleaves can slide to any of the other overleafs in order to reach balance), I do so in order to come home to clarity, the positive pole of the observation mode.

The mode is the overleaf we all use in order to experience intimacy with each other.  It can help us to understand what it is that we are attracted to in others and what others tend to be attracted to in us.

11. Attitude
The attitude is connected to the intellectual center and our thoughts.  It represents our primary philosophy through which we see, interpret and understand life.  As such, it tends to be the “hub” of the personality.  Its healthy operation tends to be the key to experiencing life as enjoyable and fulfilling.

When the attitude is in the negative poles (emphasizing separation and exclusion), we will tend to be closed to new information and more prone to drawing conclusions based on half-truths.

When the attitude is in the positive poles (emphasizing oneness and inclusion), we will tend to be open to more information and more prone to a stance of continuously updating our truths in an effort to experience wholeness.

The 7 basic philosophies or attitudes are:

Inspiration Attitudes
STOIC (sees life as if it has seen it all before, -resignation and/or +tranquility)
SPIRITUALIST (sees life as if it is seeing it for the first time, -belief and/or verification)

Expression Attitudes
SKEPTIC (sees life as if it can always be disproved, -suspicion and/or +investigation)
IDEALIST (sees life as if it can always be improved, -naivete and/or +coalescence)

Action Attitudes
CYNIC (sees life as the opposite of what it appears to be, -denigration and/or +contradiction)
REALIST (sees life as it appears to be, -subjective and/or +objective)

Assimilation Attitude
PRAGMATIST (sees life through a lens of practicality and uses most appropriate attitude in context, -dogma and/or +efficient)

I could easily validate that I am spiritualist in attitude, especially when I considered the negative pole of this attitude: belief or faith.  The negative pole of spiritualist usually shows up as gullibility and an eagerness to believe what is said to be true without questioning or testing.  I could definitely relate to this in my younger years.

But more than that, I could relate to the spiritualist lens of POTENTIAL and POSSIBILITY.  The motto for the spiritualist might be “Anything is possible!”  And we include in our philosophy the seen and unseen.  The intangible is just as real as the tangible.

In many ways, attitude IS everything.  One distorted perspective or interpretation of reality can cause us to be lost in a dream of our own making.  And until we begin to wake up, most of the dreams we create are nightmares.

Validating your attitude can help you to understand your personal pathway back to to wholeness when you have lost your way.

12. Centering and Part of Center
“Center” refers to a “center of gravity.”  As personality, we have 7 centers available to us, however, only 3 of those centers tend to be the ones we use habitually to help us navigate the world around us.  Those 3 centers are the moving, emotional and intellectual centers.

Early in our development (between birth and our 2nd birthday), we choose one of these centers as our home-base for taking in and navigating the world around us.

Each center also has a “part” of center that connects to all other centers.

We “take in” life through our primary centering and “put it back out” through the part.

For example, I am moving-centered with an intellectual part.  I take in life through my body and through movement and action.  Then, I make sense of my bodily sensations, movements, actions and environment with my intellect and attempt to communicate what I have learned.  Another way of understanding this is that in my younger years, I had a tendency to act first and think later.

In my case, the emotional center had been the neglected center for much of my life.  In order to move beyond the trap of doing and thinking/thinking and doing, I had to learn to incorporate my emotional center (love and nurturing) into my consciousness. 

This balancing of the “lower” centers is essential to be able to have more access to the “higher” centers and by extension, essence.

In this teaching, the 7 centers of gravity are NOT the same as the 7 chakras, although they do relate to them.

Here are the 7 centers with their corresponding chakras (from head/crown to root/feet):

 Higher Intellectual Center (Crown/7) ~ TRUTH

Higher Emotional Center (3rd-Eye/6) ~ LOVE

Intellectual Center (Throat/5) ~ THOUGHTS

Emotional Center (Heart/4) ~ EMOTIONS

Moving Center (Solar Plexus/3) ~ BODY/MOVEMENT/ACTION

Higher Moving Center (Sacral/2) ~ ENERGY/BEAUTY

Instinctive Center (Root/1) ~ FEAR (fight/flight)/CHOICE

Whereas the lower centers lie within the realm of personality (body, emotions and thought), the higher centers lie within the realm of essence (energy, love and truth, respectively).

When our lower centers are balanced, we can access the higher centers for brief periods, but we cannot sustain our awareness in higher centers while in the body.  Those of us who are more spiritually inclined may try to live in these centers, but to do so misses the point of being physical.

Centering and part information is very helpful to validate because it gives you very practical tools for moving beyond your centering/part “trap” and into balance where your essence can be experienced.

13. Body-type
Your body is the most fundamental part of personality: the foundation.  Michael has said that the body-type, in a literal sense, is essence’s most basic and intimate idea of who it is while incarnated.  All of the other overleaves are expressed (harmoniously or with challenge) through the body-type.

The body-type is also a reflection of essence’s most basic karma.

The body-type information is drawn from the symbolism of the 7 sacred planets:

Inspiration Types
Lunar (Server) ~ Saturnine (Priest)

Expression Types
Mercury (Artisan) ~ Jupiter (Sage)

Action Types
Mars (Warrior) ~ Venus (King)

Assimilation Type
Solar (Scholar)

You will have a primary body-type, which would be your highest percentage of planetary influence.  Then, you would have a secondary influence.  Some have a tertiary influence, and some even have a very small quatenary influence.

The body-types also have their influence and affect in 3 different contexts:

Appearance

Nature (psychological or body-consciousness)

Health

Usually, the primary body-type (highest percentage) will have the greatest influence over appearance, but this is not always the case.

And there does tend to be some overlap between all of the body-types and 3 contexts.

The body-type information can be very useful in helping one to bring more consciousness to one’s basic health.

For example, my body-type map looks like this:

Primary/Appearance – Mercury (agile, flexible, medium build and restlessness throughout the bodies)

Secondary/Nature – Venus (focus on receptivity, pleasure, affection and finding common ground)

Tertiary/Health – Solar (thymus is highlighted, self-esteem and immunity)

Quatenary – *Uranian (supports higher perceptions, creativity, visualization, problem solving, etc.)

Validating my mercurial primary body-type has helped me to bring more consciousness to my inner restlessness, which I balance with daily meditation and other conscious relaxation techniques.

Validating my venusian secondary body-type has helped me to embrace my naturally warm and affectionate nature, along with the healthy benefits that come with treating myself to pleasurable massages, foods and company.

The biggest surprise for me, was validating my solar influence on health.  Whereas I used to get frequent colds that would last for weeks, they have become a thing of the past.  In general, my health and vitality are excellent, and I attribute this to the transformation in self-esteem that I have experienced over the course of the past 7 years.  Before learning to love myself unconditionally and learning to embrace my uniqueness, my self-esteem was very erratic and based on external validation.  My self-esteem is now based on internal validation, and I see a direct correlation between this state and my health.  Whenever I have a bought of self-doubt or self-criticism, I can literally feel my health slipping away.  So I have learned to quickly re-center and re-align with my inner self-esteem during these times.

*Uranus, Neptune and Pluto can be smaller influences in our body-type configurations, but they usually reflect extra-ordinary life-times and life-themes in some way.  I think the Uranus influence serves me quite well in my creativity, channeling and healing work.

This just about ends our initial exploration of the Michael Profile, but it would not be complete without a discussion of one last element of the profile: the chief negative features or obstacles.  The chief negative features are your primary stumbling blocks and obstacles to experiencing consciousness, true personality, essence and happiness/fulfillment.  Living without fear means learning how to make fear your friend.  This is the pathway to healing, manifesting your true essence and creating a life of meaning, purpose and fulfillment.  These fears/self-protective patterns are: self-deprecation, arrogance, self-destruction, greed, martyrdom, impatience and stubbornness.  I’ll go into more detail about each in Part IV.